Imagine that you are doing a project on what pets are popular in Zetland. You have found some data on the subject – the results of the opinion polls (see the table below). Comment on the data in the table and give your opinion on the subject of the project.
Having domestic animals at home has always had a great impact on people’s lives. While doing a project on what pets are popular among teenagers in Zetland, I found some data in the form of a table that I would like to analyse and comment on.
According to the table, dogs appear in the results as the most popular pet choice, supported by 31.9% of those surveyed. Surprisingly, hamsters are the least desired option, with only 1.3% of votes.
The information in the table also illustrates the popularity of other given options. Cats rank just below dogs and roughly a third of those surveyed, with 31.6% of votes. According to the data, there are more people who prefer fresh water fish than those who
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Представлена подборка сочинений о Животных на английском языке с переводом на русский язык.
Animals refer to fauna and they are equally important for nature and people.
Животные относятся к фауне, и они одинаково важны как для природы, так и для людей.
On days when I had no friends to play with in my childhood, I played with my dog. I had both dogs and cats.
В детстве, когда мне не с кем было играть, я играл со своей собакой. У меня были как собаки, так и кошки.
As for me, I love all kinds of domestic animals: cats, dogs, hamsters, turtles, rabbits, parrots, etc.
Что касается меня, я люблю всех домашних животных: кошек, собак, хомячков, черепах, кроликов, попугаев и т.д.
Their habitats include the forests, the jungles, the deserts, the mountains, etc. Some of my favourite wild animals are bears, tigers and elephants.
К их местам обитания относятся леса, джунгли, пустыни, горы и т.д. Некоторые из моих любимых диких животных – это медведи, тигры и слоны.
When I was ten my parents gave me a cat for my birthday. I was very glad and my cat was named Murka.
Когда мне было 10 лет, родители подарили мне на день рождение кошку. Я очень сильно обрадовалась и назвала её Муркой.
It also looks like a king. It has a big mane, strong and muscular body and sharp claws.
Он также выглядит как король. У него большая грива, сильное и мускулистое тело и острые когти.
Exotic or wild animals live in forests, savannahs, jungles, deserts, mountains. They are used to living in the wild.
Экзотические или дикие животные живут в лесах, саваннах, джунглях, пустынях, горах. Они привыкли жить в условиях дикой природы.
When I was younger my parents used to take me there every once in a while, to be precise twice a year.
Когда я был помладше, родители время от времени брали меня туда с собой, точнее два раза в год.
Выберите только ОДНО из двух предложенных заданий (38.1 или 38.2). Укажите его номер и выполните согласно данному плану. В ответе на задание 38 числительные пишите цифрами.
38.1 Imagine that you are doing a project on what causes animal extinction in Zetland. You have found some data on the subject — the results of the opinion polls (see the table below).
Comment on the data in the table and give your opinion on the subject of the project.
|Causes||Number of respondents (%)|
|Destruction of wild habitats||41|
Write 200−250 words.
Use the following plan:
— make an opening statement on the subject of the project;
— select and report 2−3 facts;
— make 1−2 comparisons where relevant and give your comments;
— outline a problem that can arise with protecting animals and suggest a way of solving it;
— conclude by giving and explaining your opinion on the importance of animal protection.
38.2 Imagine that you are doing a project on what social media sites are popular with teenagers in Zetland. You have found some data on the subject — the results оf the opinion polls (see the pie chart below).
Comment on the data in the diagram and give your opinion on the subject of the project.
What social media sites are popular with teenagers in Zetland
Write 200−250 words.
Use the following plan:
— make an opening statement on the subject of the project;
— select and report 2−3 facts;
— make 1−2 comparisons where relevant and give your comments;
— outline a problem that one can face using social media sites and suggest a way of solving it;
— conclude by giving and explaining your opinion on the importance of social media for teenagers.
38.1 Animals become endangered and then extinct for a variety of reasons. While doing a project on what causes animal extinction in Zetland, I found a diagram containing some relevant data that I am going to comment on.
According to the diagram, as much as 41% of the Zetlanders think that wild habitats destruction is responsible for animal extinction in Zetland. Poaching comes second with 23% of those polled. It can also be seen that only 10% of the surveyed consider global warming to be the reason why animals die out.
The statistics analysis demonstrates that the number of the respondents (41%) who blame natural habitats destruction for animal extinction is almost four times as large as the number of those who think it is the global warming which causes it (10%). It is not surprising, because habitat destruction is one of the biggest threats facing plants and animal species throughout the world.
Although everybody has heard of animal extinction, not everyone has ever tried to contribute to animal protection and this seems to be a problem. One of the solutions could be following the 3-R rule: recycle, reuse, reduce. If everybody did it locally, the situation could change globally, and the environmental pollution could decrease significantly.
In conclusion, I believe that animals also play a critical role in the ecosystems and biospheres that make life on Earth possible for humans. Protecting animals, as well as their habitats, will help safeguard the future for all species, including homo sapiens. (248 words)
38.2 Today social networking sites are an inseparable part of our lives. While doing a project on what social media sites are popular with teenagers in Zetland, I found a diagram containing some relevant data that I am going to comment on.
According to the diagram, Facebook tops the list with 42% of the adolescents in Zetland using it. YouTube is the second most popular social media platform chosen by 23% of the surveyed. It should be noted that only 3% of the respondents like Telegram and it is the least preferred social media service.
The polling percentage shows that using Facebook is 12 times as popular as using Telegram, which is not surprising as Facebook is almost twice as old as Telegram and therefore is far more famous. Clearly, using WhatsApp is by 10% more favoured than using TikTok, which is quite explainable: WhatsApp is really convenient for texting at work and business messaging, whereas TikTok just entertains.
Although social media sites seem to be more a friend than a foe, overusing them causes people to spend less time interacting face-to-face and this seems to be a problem. To solve the problem, we should try to meet more often offline. Seeing each other lets people pick up body language and hence understand one another better.
To conclude, I believe that social media are extremely important for teenagers: they help them study, get entertained, share the latest news, socialize, make new friends and always stay in touch with their families, friends, teachers, etc. (252 words)
|Критерий||Критерии оценивания ответа на задание||Баллы|
|K1||Решение коммуникативной задачи|
Задание выполнено полностью: содержание отражает полно и точно все аспекты, указанные в задании; стилевое оформление речи выбрано правильно (допускается 1 неполный/неточный аспект и 1 нарушение нейтрального стиля)
Задание выполнено в основном: 1 аспект не раскрыт остальные
ИЛИ 1 аспект не раскрыт, и 1 раскрыт неполно/неточно,
ИЛИ 2–3 аспекта раскрыты неполно/неточно; стилевое оформление речи в основном правильно (допускаются 2–3 нарушения нейтрального стиля)
Задание выполнено не полностью: 1 аспект не раскрыт, и 2–3 раскрыты неполно/неточно,
ИЛИ 2 аспекта не раскрыты (остальные раскрыты полно),
ИЛИ 2 аспекта содержания не раскрыты и 1 раскрыт неполно/ неточно,
ИЛИ 4–5 аспектов раскрыты неполно/неточно; имеются ошибки в стилевом оформлении речи (допускаются 4 нарушения нейтрального стиля)
Задание не выполнено: все случаи, не указанные в оценивании на 1, 2 и 3 балла, ИЛИ ответ не соответствует требуемому объёму,
ИЛИ более 30% ответа имеет непродуктивный характер (т. е. текстуально совпадает с опубликованным источником)
Высказывание логично, структура текста соответствует предложенному плану, текст правильно разделён на абзацы средства логической связи использованы правильно
Высказывание логично, структура текста соответствует предложенному плану, текст правильно разделён на абзацы, средства логической связи использованы правильно (допускается 1–3 ошибки)
|В высказывании имеются 4–5 ошибок в организации текста
И/ИЛИ отсутствует вступление или заключение
|В высказывании имеются 6 и более ошибок в организации текста,
И/ИЛИ отсутствует вступление и заключение,
И/ИЛИ предложенный план ответа полностью не соблюдается,
И/ИЛИ отсутствует деление на абзацы
Используемый словарный запас соответствует высокому уровню сложности задания, практически нет нарушений использовании лексики (допускается 1 лексическая ошибка)
Используемый словарный запас соответствует высокому уровню сложности задания, однако имеются 2–3 лексические ошибки,
ИЛИ словарный запас ограничен, но лексика использована правильно
Используемый словарный запас не вполне соответствует высокому уровню сложности задания, в тексте имеются 4 лексические ошибки
Используемый словарный запас не соответствует высокому уровню сложности задания, в тексте имеются 5 и более лексических ошибок
Используемые грамматические средства соответствуют высокому уровню сложности задания, нарушений практически нет (допускаются 1–2 неповторяющиеся грамматические ошибки)
Используемые грамматические средства соответствуют высокому уровню сложности задания, однако в тексте имеются 3–4 грамматические ошибки
Используемые грамматические средства не вполне соответствуют высокому уровню сложности задания, в тексте имеются 5–7 грамматических ошибок
Используемые грамматические средства не соответствуют высокому уровню сложности задания, имеются 8 и более грамматических ошибок
|K5||Орфография и пунктуация|
Орфографические ошибки практически отсутствуют. Текст разделён на предложения с правильным пунктуационным оформлением (допускается 1 орфографическая ##И/ИЛИ 1 пунктуационная ошибка)
В тексте имеются 2–4 орфографические
И/ИЛИ пунктуационные ошибки
В тексте имеются 5 и более орфографических
И/ИЛИ пунктуационных ошибок
The animal world, of course, is very huge andvarious. He attracts with his freshness and beauty. Very interesting are domestic and wild animals for children. Kids, of course, need to talk about the life of animals, their habits and characteristics, about how they live in the wild. An important and very topical issue is the correct maintenance of animals at home, as well as their role in our lives.
World around: domestic and wild animals
The world is huge and rich in various animals. Among them there are both lovely home fuzzy, with which we are familiar from childhood, and evil wild predators. The life of domestic animals is certainly interesting, but much more informative information about wild fauna representatives, of which we know so little.
Most of the animals live in forests. They were called wild animals. Many of them are very dangerous predators. And others — quite lovely and harmless little animals that live in all corners of the globe. It can be said that they are all united by one single goal — survival.
As you understand, pets are those animals thatlive next to a person. People keep them, take care, giving them food and a home. Some varieties of pets bring their owners a very concrete benefit. For example, they give food (milk, cottage cheese, meat, eggs), materials (leather, wool) or do work (guard, transport cargo, help in agriculture). On the other hand, pets are friends who have long lived side by side with a person and share his home, help to spend leisure together.
For residents of megacities pets are -rather, family members, about whom they care, with whom they play, go to rest. So the life of pets in urban conditions is completely unrelated to bringing some benefit to a person. Rather, on the contrary, people care about the comfortable living of animals, which do not face the difficult task of extracting food.
The role of pets in human life
I must say that wild and domestic animals are quite different. Nevertheless, they all play an important role in human life. Let’s start with, for example, domestic animals.
Their role in our lives depends on what you do,what we set ourselves tasks for ourselves or for the pet’s child. Dogs guard us and are our friends. Cats and other furs are our favorites. We take them into the house for our own pleasure. Another thing is agricultural animals that benefit. Such species include cows, camels, ponies, sheep, horses, pigs, oxen, goats and many others.
However, it would be unfair if we did notremembered that absolutely all the domestic animals came from the wild. But in the course of his purposeful activity, a person selected among them the best specimens with the necessary characteristics, until he succeeded in removing certain agricultural breeds. Such pets are usually kept in special buildings (barns, chicken coops, pigsties, stables, barns, cages). As a rule, their productivity depends on how well they are looked after and fed.
Wild and domestic animals are veryare different. Unlike home, wild every time you have to take care of your «dinner» yourself. Agricultural species are on the full content of man. However, even such breeds people are bred not only for good, but for pleasure. For example, horses are purchased for equestrian sport and horse riding, rabbits are used for decorative purposes.
Domestic animals began to beten to fifteen thousand years ago, at a time when people began to move to a settled way of life and farming. After the hunt, wounded, weak individuals, lagging behind the herd, were often beaten. Such animals remained close to the people who cared for them, providing protection and food. And those, in turn, gave food. It also happened that the cubs that grew up near human settlements were so used to being left with people forever and even went hunting with them. So gradually a man got home pets, which later began to benefit him.
Taming animals was not an easy task. After all, once at home, a man kept antelopes, cheetahs, cranes, tours, boars, moufflons and argali. People looked after them and looked after them. The animals gradually changed. Of course, the process was very long.
Wild animals live in wildlife. Unlike home species, no one cares about them. They make their own food, protect themselves, breed and rear it. Certainly, such a life is much more complicated and more dangerous. It is necessary to fight daily for survival. Comparison of wild and domestic animals in this sense is hardly possible, so different conditions for their life.
Wild animals are very diverse, they inhabita large number all over the world. Here are just a few examples: bears, foxes, lynxes, moose, hares, seals, horses, lions, tigers, cheetahs, elephants, giraffes. All simply can not be counted.
Life of wild animals in winter
Particularly affected are wild animals in winter. During this period, they are quite difficult. This is primarily due to the fact that much less food becomes, and it is more difficult to extract it when the ground is covered by a thick layer of ice and snow. Of course, all animals are adapted to such natural conditions. Nevertheless, it is still very difficult for them to survive. In winter, some animals change their hair color (foxes and hares), others fall into hibernation like badgers and bears, while others make their supplies for the cold period, like a squirrel. Everyone prepares for the arrival of cold weather in their own way.
Wild animals live very differently in winter. Some save food supplies and warm houses (squirrels), others sleep, spending summer fat reserves (bears), while others get food even in cold weather.
The meaning of wild animals in people’s lives
Wild and domestic animals uniquely benefit people. The role of domestic species we have already discussed. Let’s now talk about wild animals.
I must say that they are also useful for us, because they give us:
- Food.In many regions of the globe, the meat of wild animals is used for food. The fact is that wild representatives of the animal world are more adapted to life, and therefore more productive. For example, hunting species include wild boars, roe deer, hares, beavers, muskrats, foxes, wolves and many others. Do not forget about fish and birds. Fisheries in general are widely used by humans. In addition to breeding fish in specialized farms, they are engaged in catching in the seas, rivers and oceans.
- Skin and fur.Wild animals are a source of beautiful natural fur. Artificial products they can not be replaced by either warmth or beauty. There are also special farms where fur species such as fox, muskrat, rabbit, arctic fox are grown on fur. They are all appreciated for their beautiful and warm fur. And the number of animals in the wild can not provide us with the necessary skins. Because people began to breed some species in artificial conditions.
- Medicinal and perfume substances that are used in pharmaceuticals and perfumes.
In addition, wild animals in any case remain, so to speak, the gene pool of livestock. Crossing them with domestic species, you can get new breeds that have better indicators.
People use animals to combatpollution of nature. Animals play a role of peculiar indicators. It’s not a secret that animals react very sensitively to the slightest changes in the environment, which means that one can judge by their behavior pollution of the environment.
In addition, animals help a person in searchsome types of minerals, weather forecasting and earthquakes. There are many examples. Absolutely all animals know in advance about the forthcoming earthquake. Fish and jellyfish, for example, can feel the approach of a storm.
And do not forget that animals are carriers of plant seeds in nature. And this is very important in the cycle of biological processes.
The growing pace of urbanization has led to,that people have more and more desire to communicate with wildlife. If one hundred years ago it was customary to keep only cats and dogs at home, now hamsters, hares, jerboas, chinchillas, otters, monkeys, hedgehogs and many other wildlife are in vogue. The project «Wild Pets» has been implemented to a sufficient extent. In fact, many wild animals began to live in our homes, like domestic ones. And it does not seem like something unusual and exotic. Of course, these are not exactly the species that exist in the wild. After all, some of them were subject to crossing for breeding of the best breeds. Nevertheless, these are not the animals that lived next to the person before.
Instead of an afterword
Wild and domestic animals play a big role inlife of mankind. In this article we gave only some examples of the usefulness and necessity of animals. In fact, their sphere of influence on our lives is much greater. Simply, we do not always think about this and sometimes we inflict irreparable damage on our actions.